The Central Jail, Vellore was established on 19.03.1867 with 160 convicts. It is the largest Jail in the dist. The prison has historical importance. Political leaders like former president SRI R.VENKAT RAMAN, DR. ARINGER C.N ANNA DURAI, late Tr.V.V.GIRI, late Tr. KAMARAJ and SRI VINOBA BHAVE were confined in this prison. Convicts sentenced to imprisonment are confined in the jail from various districts of the Presidency as well as from Burma. Many prisoners sentenced to transpiration by the courts of this Presidency are retained when considered physically unfit for deportation toAndaman. The expenditure in the jail is recovered by the value of the convict’s labour
The chief industry carried out in the jail is weaving. A great variety of clothes of various patterns as well as table clothes, gunnies, choir mats, carpets etc are woven. Central jail is famous for its carpets. The manufacture was first taught to the convicts by a carpet weaver of Ellore. The fabrics are excellently woven and find ready sale in England. Carpentry, shoe making, iron and brass work and tent making are also carried on and the prison is wellworth a visit. By extreme hard work and good conduct, convicts may earn a remission not exceeding 1/6th of the total period of imprisonment awarded them.
There is a small sub jail attached to the central prison to accommodate the remand and under-trail prisoners of this dist. They will be sent to the concerned courts on the dates under Police Escorts.
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